There is a growing body of evidence indicating that if this therapy is 'pulsed' or administered on an intermittent basis, the negative consequences may be less severe without affecting the ultimate outcome. Effectiveness is measured by taking PSA tests. Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.
The ability to customize the ablation while it is being delivered, and to avoid critical structures, helps maintain quality of life and preserve urinary continence and erectile function. This usually responds to icing and anti-inflammatory drugs.
At Stage 4, the cancer has spread to distant sites and organs. There are many claims made for alternative medicine that do not stand up to scrutiny and so it is important to be aware of this before accepting professed claims from people who are making money from their claims.
Other nutritional factors include ensuring an adequate amount of vitamins D and E are being taken into the body, as well as selenium, soy and green tea. As Augustsson Prostate cancer essay paper alp.
They are guided using transrectal ultrasound which is also used to monitor the freezing process in real time. Testosterone is the male sex hormone. Some of the problems associated with aging, such as an increase in BPH Benign Prostate Hyperplasiamay create urinary bothers such as increasing frequency, nocturia and the like.
Benign tumors do not spread like the malignant ones. Non-surgical options, too, can severely inhibit a man's reproductive capacity. Both Active Surveillance AS and Watchful Waiting WW are used to describe the choice made by men who elect not to have immediate conventional treatment.
It has been noted that men that have a low consumption of fish oils have have a higher rate of prostate cancer than those with a high consumption of fish oils Terry et al, The protein excreted by the prostate, prostate-specific antigen PSAhelps semen retain its liquid state.
Data from population studies have produced opposite results. Scans used at present are far from accurate, producing both false positive and false negative results.
The severity determines what stage the cancer is in, it will be in T1, T2, T3, or T4. No single theory explains the development of this disease, but a number of possible causes have been suggested.
Some studies suggest a genetic predisposition to prostate cancer and an increased risk for blood relatives of men with the disease. When the blood test is performed the doctor looks for a substance called prostate-specific antigen. In severe cases there will be urinary obstruction requiring medical treatment - usually catheterisation initially.
However, other studies have not confirmed a genetic link. There is also an excellent book dealing with the subject: Radioactive seeds are implanted into the prostate to deliver targeted radiation treatment.
Although this treatment is referred to as being effective because of the freezing of the gland and thus destroying the tissue, it is, in fact, the very rapid thawing process which ruptures the cell membranes effectively killing the cells.
Nearly 50 percent of all men over the age of 50 years have PIN. Although an accurately guided focal therapy procedure will reduce the probability of negative consequences significantly, the consequences associated with the relevant 'non-focal' therapies are still possible.
To date there is no surgical procedure which will only remove a part of the prostate gland, but there are some therapies for which it is claimed that only the diseased part of the gland will be ablated destroyed by the treatment.
The loss of hair is less common than it was and even the intense nausea that was inevitable is less so.
A distinction is often made between the two: During the procedure, radioactive seeds are implanted into the prostate gland using ultrasound guidance. With this technology, physicians can customize each individual procedure, targeting as little or as much tissue as needed, and adjusting the ablation during its course such that the identified target volume is destroyed fully.
In considering this statement it should be borne in mind that many men treated with chemotherapy are old or sickly and may not have a long normal life span. Negative consequences of focal therapies:Prostate cancer occurs when the cells in the prostate gland grow uncontrollably.
Metastatic prostate cancer means the cancer has spread beyond the prostate to other parts of the body.
Symptoms may. Prostate cancer Introduction Prostate cancer is a cancerous tumor in the prostate gland, a small walnut-sized gland in men that makes seminal fluid, which helps carry sperm out of the body.
The prostate is located beneath the bladder and surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine out through the penis.
Cancers (ISSN ; CODEN: CANCCT) is a peer-reviewed open access journal of oncology published monthly online by MDPI. The Irish Association for Cancer Research (IACR) is affiliated with Cancers and their members receive a discount on the article processing charges.
Open Access - free for readers, with article processing charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions. Prostate cancer is most common in men of African American descent (Porth,p. ). Weight can also factor in to the likelihood of a person having prostate cancer due to the fact that it is indicative of a diet high in dietary fats, which has been linked to prostate cancer.
The secretions of the prostate give nutrients to the semen. Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the second most common cause of cancer death in men. (Ernstoff,Heaney,Peschel,pviii) Like all cancers, prostate cancer is an uncontrolled cell production in a particular organ or area of the body.
Health news with a focus on fitness news, wellness coverage and living a healthy Southern California life.Download